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Skunk Creek 78s

An anonymous collector's library of 78 RPM records

turntable:
Technics SL-1200M3D operating at 45 RPM (quartz-locked)
cartridge:
Audio Technica AT-MONO3/SP (newer version with full frequency range)
stylus:
2.5 mil conical at 5.0 g
phono preamp:
a budget DJ mixer
ADC:
budget on-board sampling at 16-bit 48000 Hz
DAW software:
Adobe Audition CS 5.5 or CC 2017
DAW software configuration:
Sample rate conversion settings are set to 100% quality with pre/post filter, and data settings include a 1 ms smoothing of all edit boundaries.
DAW software processing:
It varies from record to record, but tends to fall into this sequence: mild generic declick; reverse RIAA EQ; interpret sample rate (not resample) to correct the speed; apply traditional EQ as per online guides per label/era; manually reduce/remove any remaining major clicks by selecting only each area of interest and using aggressive declick settings, auto-heal, or bandlimited copy-paste (whatever produces the best and most authentic results); mark each song as a range and optionally fade one or both ends; apply further EQ to remove rumble and HF noise (using spectrogram and listening to verify no musical harmonics are lost); export ranges as 16-bit with sample rate based on HF cutoff (16000 if under 8 kHz, 32000 if under 16 kHz, 44100 otherwise), with unshaped triangular dither if fades were added, usually no dither otherwise; FLAC conversion and tagging via foobar2000 and Mp3tag.

Speed correction (this is what I did on most records):

  • 45 RPM recorded with sample rate 27600: interpret as 48000 to get 78.26 RPM (most 78s)
  • 45 RPM recorded with sample rate 28202: interpret as 48000 to get 76.59 RPM (Victor acoustic)
  • 45 RPM recorded with sample rate 27000: interpret as 48000 to get 80 RPM (Columbia acoustic)

Alternative speed correction (for when I forgot to reduce the DAW's input sample rate):

  • 45 RPM recorded with sample rate 48000: interpret as 83477 to get 78.26 RPM
  • 45 RPM recorded with sample rate 48000: interpret as 81696 to get 76.59 RPM
  • 45 RPM recorded with sample rate 48000: interpret as 85333 to get 80 RPM

According to some guides, Brunswick acoustic records are 80 RPM, so I started to record them at 27000 Hz, but I noticed after interpreting as 48000, A4 notes in Brunswick 2739 were at 450 Hz. Although it's possible the performers tuned to this standard, it is suspicious that 78.26 RPM yields A4 at exactly 440 Hz. Therefore, I adjusted the interpreted sample rates on the Brunswick discs to assume 78.26 rather than 80 RPM.

On some records, if it would not audibly affect the music, upper midrange distortion and noise was reduced where needed via bandlimited, aggressive auto-declicking. A couple of the Victor records had unusually harsh horn & microphone resonances which I chose to reduce with additional EQ or band-limited compression. Some records with unusually low recording levels received additional EQ or light use of Audition's hiss reduction feature to reduce background noise above 3 kHz. Some records also may have had EQ fine-tuned to produce more pleasant bass levels. I did not carefully document which records received any of this additional treatment; I look at it like before the RIAA curve for LPs was settled upon and widely implemented, it was normal and expected that listeners and broadcasters would adjust EQ "to taste", per record, even when there is documentation of what EQ was applied during recording and mastering.

I did keep the original, raw transfers for most of the 78s, but since they are recorded at the wrong speed with RIAA EQ, it seemed prudent to leave them out of the archive, for now.


PART OF
78 RPMs and Cylinder Recordings
Music, Arts & Culture
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Title
Date Archived
Creator
Skunk Creek 78s
by Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky; Antal Dorati; London Philharmonic Orchestra
audio
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favorite 1
comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, classical
Skunk Creek 78s
by Tommy Dorsey & His Orchestra; Freddie Stewart
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal & instrumental jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Frankie Laine
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop & jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Georgia Gibbs; Glenn Osser
audio
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favorite 1
comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop & jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Rusty Draper; David Carroll
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, western swing
Skunk Creek 78s
by Guy Mitchell; Mitch Miller
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop & jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Dave Burgess & The Toppers; Lew Raymond Orchestra
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop & jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Tommy Dorsey & His Orchestra; Stuart Foster
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal & instrumental jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop
Skunk Creek 78s
by Hoosier Hot Shots
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Frankie Laine; Carl Fischer; Norman Luboff Choir; Paul Weston & His Orchestra
audio
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favorite 0
comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop
Skunk Creek 78s
by Mimi Martel; The Freddy Laine Quintet; Wayne Stratton; The Freddy Laine Orchestra
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, western swing & vocal jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Hugh Ashley with Orchestra
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop & jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Guy Lombardo & His Royal Canadians; Fred Kreitzer; Buddy Brennan; Francis Vigneau
audio
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comment 1
10-inch 78 RPM record; catalog no. 23768, record 4 of 4 from Decca album A-512: Guy Lombardo and His Royal Canadians featuring The Twin Pianos .
( 1 reviews )
Topics: 78rpm, instrumental jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Jimmie Livingston & His Orchestra; Skeets Morris
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop & jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Bud Roman
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop & jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Foy Willing & The Riders of the Purple Sage
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, western swing
Skunk Creek 78s
by Roger Wolfe Kahn & His Orchestra
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, instrumental jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Damita Jo; Harry Geller’s Orchestra
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop & jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Russell Bennett & His Orchestra
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, instrumental jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Dennis Day; Norman Luboff Choir
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop
Skunk Creek 78s
by Nat Shilkret & The Victor Orchestra; Lewis James; Billy Murray
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Bud Roman & The Toppers; The Hal Lomen Orchestra
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop & jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by John Charles Thomas
audio
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favorite 1
comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, operatic vocal pop, acoustic recording
Skunk Creek 78s
by Memphis Five; Billy Jones
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal jazz, acoustic recording
Skunk Creek 78s
by The Troubadours; Green-Arden Orchestra
audio
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favorite 1
comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, instrumental pop, acoustic recording
Skunk Creek 78s
by Gene Austin
audio
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favorite 0
comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop
Skunk Creek 78s
by Aileen Stanley; Johnny Marvin; Vaughn De Leath
audio
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favorite 2
comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop & jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Rudy Vallée & His Connecticut Yankees; Cyril Smith
audio
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favorite 0
comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal novelty pop
Skunk Creek 78s
by Ted Weems & His Orchestra; B.F. Goodrich Silvertown Cord Orchestra; Dusty Rhoades; The Silver-Masked Tenor
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop
Skunk Creek 78s
by Freddy Ellis & His Orchestra; Seymour Richards
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop
Skunk Creek 78s
by Blue Barron & His Orchestra; Clyde Burke; Sally Stewart
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop & jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Waring’s Pennsylvanians
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, instrumental & vocal jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Meyer Davis’ Le Paradis Band
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, instrumental jazz, acoustic recording
Skunk Creek 78s
by Gene Austin
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop & jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Shannon Quartet
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop
Skunk Creek 78s
by Gene Austin; Abel Baer
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop
Skunk Creek 78s
by Johnny Hamp’s Kentucky Serenaders; Jan Garber & His Orchestra; Benny Davis
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by George Olsen & His Music
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Fran Wald; Jack Gutjahr; Greg Gordon; Eileen Nunn
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop & jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Bill Gale & His Globe Trotters
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop & jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Jack Smith; The Clark Sisters; Earl Sheldon & His Orchestra
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop
Skunk Creek 78s
by Paul Whiteman & His Orchestra
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop & jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by John McCormack
audio
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favorite 0
comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop
Skunk Creek 78s
by The Troubadours; Harold Yates; Cooper Lawley
audio
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favorite 1
comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop & jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by American Quartet; Georgie Price
audio
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favorite 0
comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop & jazz, acoustic recording
Skunk Creek 78s
by Waring’s Pennsylvanians
audio
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favorite 1
comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop & jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Paul Whiteman & His Orchestra
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Helen Clark; Lewis James
audio
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favorite 0
comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop, acoustic recording
Skunk Creek 78s
by John McCormack
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop, acoustic recording
Skunk Creek 78s
by Henry Burr; Wendell Hall; Rudy Wiedoeft; Frank Banta
audio
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favorite 0
comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop, acoustic recording
Skunk Creek 78s
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop & jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Paul Whiteman & His Orchestra
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
audio
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favorite 1
comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by International Novelty Orchestra
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, instrumental jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Jean Goldkette & His Orchestra; Frank Bessinger
audio
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comment 0
10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop & jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Lewis James; Franklyn Baur
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop, acoustic recording
Skunk Creek 78s
by Jack Shilkret’s Orchestra
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal & instrumental jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Harold Yates; Cooper Lawley
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop
Skunk Creek 78s
by Jack Smith (The Whispering Baritone); Arthur Johnston
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop
Skunk Creek 78s
by Jack Smith (The Whispering Baritone)
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop
Skunk Creek 78s
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop
Skunk Creek 78s
by Raymond Dixon; Gladys Rice; Frank Banta
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop
Skunk Creek 78s
by Oriole Orchestra; Gene Rodemich’s Orchestra
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, instrumental jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Jesse Crawford
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, instrumental pop
Skunk Creek 78s
by Art Landry & His Orchestra; Dinty Curtis
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop & jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Art Rouse Trio; Don Bauer; Clyde Phillips Orchestra; Bob Block
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop
Skunk Creek 78s
by Henry Burr; Jack Smith (The Whispering Baritone)
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop
Skunk Creek 78s
by Carl Fenton’s Orchestra
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, instrumental & vocal pop, acoustic recording
Skunk Creek 78s
by Johnny Hamp’s Kentucky Serenaders
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by The Revelers
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop
Skunk Creek 78s
by Jack Smith (The Whispering Baritone)
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop
Skunk Creek 78s
by Johnny Hamp’s Kentucky Serenaders; Waring’s Pennsylvanians
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal jazz
Skunk Creek 78s
by Jack Smith (The Whispering Baritone)
audio
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10-inch 78 RPM record
Topics: 78rpm, vocal pop